CEOL

Canada Quick Facts




Land Area

3,511,003 sq mi (9,093,507 sq km)
Total area: 3,855,102 sq mi (9,984,670 sq km)

Population (2008 est.)

33,679,263 (growth rate: 0.8%)
Birth rate: 10.7/1000

Infant mortality rate: 4.5/1000

Life expectancy: 80.4

Density per sq km: 3

Capital (2004 est.)

Ottawa 1,142,700 (metro. area)

Government

Independent constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic parliament; Parliament is composed of the House of Commons and the Senate

Largest cities (metropolitan areas) (2004 est.)

Toronto, 5,203,600
Montreal, 3,606,700
Vancouver, 2,160,000
Calgary, 1,037,100
Edmonton, 1,101,600
Quebec, 710,700
Hamilton, 710,300
Winnipeg, 702,400
London, 459,700
Kitchener, 450,100

Climate

Varies from temperate in the south to subarctic in the north

Ethnicity/Race

British Isles origin 28%
French origin 23%
Other European 15%
Indigenous Indian and Inuit 2%
Other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%
Mixed background 26%

Religions (2001)

Roman Catholic 43%
Protestant 23% (including United Church 10%, Anglican 7%, Baptist 2%, Lutheran 2%)
Other Christian 4%
Muslim 2%
none 16%

Literacy rate

99% (2003 est.)

Industries

Transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas

Languages

English (official) 59.3%
French (official) 23.2%
Others 17.5%

Natural resources

Iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Major trading partners (2004)

U.S., Japan, UK, China, Mexico